Endometrium is the innermost lining of the uterus. It is shed off monthly in females during menstruation.
Endometriosis is the gynecological condition resulting from the development of endometrial tissue outside uterus at some other place in the body, most commonly in fallopian tube, ovaries or in pelvic structures. The disorder may lead to pain and infertility.
The word endometriosis has its origin from the Greek language. Endo means ‘inside’ and metra means ‘womb’.
Endometriosis is the abnormal condition characterize by the development of endometrial tissue at sites other than uterus, like in fallopian tubes, ovaries and other pelvic structures.
Such condition may result in excruciating pain at the time of your menses.
Common sites of abnormal endometrium development:
- Outer surface of the uterus
- Outer surfaces of the bowel
- Fallopian Tubes
- Other pelvic structures
- Other body tissues located anywhere in the abdomen
At the time of menses the endometrium at these places proliferates and scar is formed due to internal inflammation.
In ovaries chocolate cyst is a sac type collection containing old blood.