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Hypertension: Prevention-Prognosis-Complications
Date 28/06/11/07/56  Author Dr. Seema Nigar Alvi  Hits 3269  Language Global
The prevention of high blood pressure is quite simple and can be achieved by bringing about minute yet effective changes in our lifestyle. The prognosis of hypertension is good.  

Prevention is definitely better than cure. Hypertension can be easily prevented if we try to bring about a few changes in our daily life, our eating habits and our habits.


The list of suggested changes is as under:

v     Try to eat a fiber and potassium rich diet

v     Drink plenty of water

v     Regular exercises- at least 30 minutes per day

v     Reducing alcohol intake

v     Avoiding stress

v     Quit smoking

v     Avoid oily food to reduce cholesterol

v     Reduce your salt (sodium) intake to less than 1,500mg a day


Hypertension: Prognosis

The prognosis of hypertension is quite good provided diagnosed at an early stage. Prognosis is affected by adopting lifestyle changes and by suitable medications. Hypertension can be best prevented by adjusting a harmonious balance between changed healthy lifestyle and regular regimes of exercises.


Hypertension: Complications

It is indeed wise to have regular checkups and adopt preventive steps to avoid a relapse of hypertension or the appearance of complications.

The Possible complications associated with hypertension are quite lethal and are listed below:

  • Aortic dissection
  • Arteriosclerosis-Blood vessel damage 
  • Brain damage
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Heart attack
  • Hypertensive heart disease
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Stroke
  • Loss of Vision


Glossary
:

  • Hypertension: High Blood Pressure.
  • Prehypertension: is a condition when blood pressure is between 120/80mmof Hg and 139/89 mm of Hg.
  • Borderline High Blood Pressure:  It can be termed as “mildly elevated blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm Hg at some times, and lower than that at other times.”
  • White Coat High Blood Pressure: As suggested by the name it is the increase in blood pressure observed by the mere presence of the physician/ doctor, which aggravates the patient’s anxiety and stress.
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